The department works on testing and researching soil or materials utilized for highway and construction projects. The main research areas include asphalt and concrete pavement studies, plus ride quality and measurement of ride numbers. Materials testing may be conducted on a variety of products such as: asphalt binders, aggregates, geotextile fabrics, traffic marking paint, soils, cement, fly ash, glass beads for traffic marking paint and concrete for strength.
The RAC consists of a representative from each NDDOT District and Division. The RAC members provide input and recommendations for the NDDOT Research, Development and Technology Program, (RD&T Program) The Program consists of research activities that fall into three categories; Internal Research, External Research, and Pooled Fund Study Research. Projects focus on identifying new materials and methods to improve the performance of NDDOT infrastructure.